Audi and Volkswagen are known for their signature turbo-charged vehicles. It is, however, a little-known fact that they have BorgWarner turbochargers under their hoods. BorgWarner turbochargers have a dominant presence in the industry. They are one of the best performing and most efficient turbochargers on the market. BorgWarner also sells turbocharger parts to various other car makes including Ford, Porsche, Dodge and Renault.
BorgWarner Turbo Systems, headquartered in Germany, is a manufacturer of OEM and aftermarket turbochargers. The company primarily offers an extensive range of turbochargers, in the 20-1000 kW range, for cars. It also supplies turbos for industrial, marine and locomotive engines. BorgWarner Turbo Systems has its manufacturing and distributing divisions in the continents of Asia, North America and South America. BorgWarner is the parent company of BorgWarner Turbo Systems. BorgWarner has two manufacturing divisions for engine- and powertrain-related auto parts.
A turbocharger is a forced induction system that increases the density of the air rendered to the engine. It is basically a compressor that houses a turbine that spins to draw in the external air and compress it. The turbocharger is driven by the exhaust gases. Superchargers, which are driven by the engine itself, are considered the predecessor to the turbochargers.
BorgWarner Turbo Systems' forerunners named the Kühnle, Kopp & Kausch, and Schwitzer Company, were established in the years 1899 and 1918, respectively. Kühnle, Kopp & Kausch was started in Germany and the Schwitzer Company was founded in the USA. In 1952, Schwitzer launched its turbocharger at the Indianapolis 500 and in the same year, AG Kühnle, Kopp & Kausch, started manufacturing turbochargers. The three companies: Schwitzer (United States), AG Kühnle, Kopp & Kausch (Germany) and Holset (United Kingdom) signed a collaboration in 1962.
In 1998, BorgWarner established its subsidiary, 3K-Warner Turbosystems GmbH, as a result of BorgWarner's takeover of the supercharging division of AG Kühnle, Kopp & Kausch. In the following year, BorgWarner purchased the Schwitzer Company and merged the newly-acquired company with 3K-Warner Turbosystems GmbH. In 2003, the company was renamed to the BorgWarner Turbo Systems GmbH.
Over its years of service, the company's innovations have been incredible. In the millennium year, the KP series of turbos were released. This new line of turbos comprised the KP31, the smallest turbos for vehicles equipped with a diesel engine. The company started producing passenger-car turbochargers with variable turbine geometry (VTG) in the same year. Some advantages of variable-geometry turbochargers include a lesser turbo lag and a lower boost threshold. These systems eliminate the need of a wastegate, as well. In 2002, the brand began producing turbos with VTG for commercial automobiles.
The brand's VTG turbochargers for gasoline systems won the Automotive News PACE Innovation Award and a PACE Collaboration Award in 2007. In 2008, the company's regulated 2-stage turbocharging systems (R2S™) received the Automotive News PACE award for innovation and Automotive News PACE award for environmental sustainability. The first regulated 2-stage turbocharging system (R2S™) with VTG was introduced for passenger cars featuring a diesel engine system in 2009. In the succeeding year, turbochargers with integrated exhaust manifolds were launched by BorgWarner.
BorgWarner turbos are marketed under the names BorgWarner, 3K and Schwitzer in the aftermarket industry. BuyAutoParts.com distributes authentic BorgWarner turbos at affordable prices.